Coffee 101

Coffee used to be equivalent to caffeine, a substance that's supposed to keep us awake. Well, not anymore.

In recent years, there's been a rising trend of specialty coffee, and coffee isn't 'just coffee' anymore. Instead, the world of coffee became a universe by itself.

There are two dominant methods of coffee: Espresso based and filter coffee. Let's get into both of them to get you started on your coffee journey

Espresso 

It is brewed by forcing a small amount of boiling water under pressure into finely ground coffee beans. It is usually thick, dense and has a crema on top. Espresso is used as the coffee base for the following beverages: Latte, Cappuccino, Macchiato, Mocha, Flat White, Cortado, Americano...

The most dominant method to prepare Espresso is through the famous machine that looks like the below

Filter Coffee

Instead of being pushed through with pressure, the water runs through the coffee grounds solely because of gravity. For this reason, the brewing process takes slightly longer but it also need more coffee grounds and more water. 

Filter coffee has many manual methods of making: V60, Chemex, Syphon, Kalita Wave...

Other brewing techniques: French Press (through Sipping), Turkish Coffee (through Boiling)